First Municipal Weather Forecasting
Cleveland Abbe (1838–1916), a Cincinnati meteorologist, in
1869 established the first public weather service in America. Abbe also was the
first official daily weather forecaster in the United States.
Abbe was born in New York and studied astronomy
both in the United States and in Russia where he was a student and assistant at
the Observatory at Pulkova. Later, Abbe served as director of the
Cincinnati Observatory, and was the first to offer daily weather predictions,
which he based on telegraphic reports. He organized, with the assistance of the
Cincinnati Chamber of Commerce and the Western Union Telegraph Company,
telegraphic weather reports, maps and daily forecasts. Later this daily
weather forecasting became a service provided by the
National Weather Service.
In the 1870's, Abbe launched the "Monthly
Weather Review," and some twenty years later became editor of an expanded
version of this publication under the same name. Abbe also published several
reports and books, exploring meteorological research. Among his
- "Treatise on Meteorological Apparatus and
- "Preparatory Studies for Deductive Methods
in Storm and Weather Prediction" (1889)
was also a leader in the adoption of "standard time" in the United States.
He died the year "standard time" was adopted, 1916.
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